• In Spain, Autumn is from September to November and it can be colder in the north (Galicia, etc). Winter occurs from December to mid-March and in January-February there can be lots of rain showers in the north.  The hottest time of year is mid-August.
  •  It can be very hot south of Madrid (often up to 40 degrees in European Summer) so make sure you pack for the weather depending on where you are visiting.
  • If visiting cathedrals or churches, bring along a shawl or scarf to cover up out of respect for the local religion and people. It’s also a good idea to take one out when dining in the evening as things can cool down later in the evening.
  • Good footwear is essential in some of the old town areas. You will need comfortable footwear to protect your feet from the uneven cobblestone surfaces, particularly as your feet will usually swell in Summer from the heat and walking.
  • Keep your credit cards, cash and phone in the front pockets of trousers or jeans if possible, as it is harder for pickpockets to access them.  If carrying a handbag, sling it across the front of your body with the main bag section pointing frontwards (longer straps help!)